Graph of kaba Prayer Halls buil in Makkah 2020.
Expansion in Masjid al-Haram Kaaba in Redesign of 2020.
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The confidential designs produced by Atkins show an Ottoman-era section of the Haram mosque replaced by a series of 80m high, multi-storey prayer halls, boosting capacity from 900,000 worshippers now to more than two million. The form of the prayer hall is designed to resemble worshippers in prayer.
A proposed second phase of development controversially envisages demolishing the old mosque and replacing it with a modern doughnut-shaped building, capable of accommodating more than 5M pilgrims. Only the Kaaba would remain.
Each year about 3M people take part in the main Hajj, or pilgrimage, to Mecca, often leading to chronic overcrowding which has resulted in thousands of deaths.